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The Importance of Critical Temperatures in Freeze-drying

Katriona Scoffin of BTL addresses the importance of a well-designed freeze-drying cycle. In order to freeze-dry products thoroughly, and to ensure consistent quality and activity in the reconstituted product, it is vital that the freeze-drying cycle is designed specifically for each material. This also applies to different formulations of products, since the choice of excipient can have a marked effect on the thermal characteristics.
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